The construction of complex systems cannot succeed with the help of clockwork logic alone. This is why the biological principles of organic systems are increasingly being transferred and applied to technological systems. On the other hand, technology also tends to increasingly interfere with "life". Therefore, a principal change in the relation between organic matter and man-made things can be observed: man-made things are behaving more life-like, and life is becoming more engineered. However, Kelly is of the opinion that the "wilderness of nature" will continue to be the most important source for exploring complex systems in the future.
Nature has all along yielded her flesh to humans. First, we took nature's materials as food, fibers and shelter. Then we learned to extract raw materials from nature's biosphere to create our own new synthetic materials. Now bios is yielding us her mind; We take her logic.
The most astounding discovery of the last ten years has been that one can take the logic of bios out of biology and still have something useful. Although many philosophers in the past have suspected one could abstract the laws of life and apply them elsewhere, it wasn't until the complexity of computers and human-made systems became as complicated as living things, that it was possible to prove this.